“Remember this and stand firm, recall it to mind, you transgressors, remember the former things of old; for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose,’ calling a bird of prey from the east, the man of my counsel from a far country. I have spoken, and I will bring it to pass; I have purposed, and I will do it” (Isaiah 46:8-11).
The sovereignty of God is the truth that all things are under His authority, and that nothing happens in this Universe without His control or consent. He is a God who works, not just some things, but all things after the counsel and purpose of His own will (Romans 8:28; Ephesians 1:11). God’s purpose is all- inclusive and is never hindered or prevented (Isaiah 46:11) by anything or anyone. Nothing takes God by surprise! God does as He wills, when He wills, to whom He wills, and always as He wills.
The Westminster Confession of Faith states, “God from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established.”
Daniel 4: 34-37 says, “At the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted my eyes to heaven, and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and praised and honored him who lives forever, for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom endures from generation to generation; all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, and he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, “What have you done?” At the same time my reason returned to me, and for the glory of my kingdom, my majesty and splendor returned to me. My counselors and my lords sought me, and I was established in my kingdom, and still more greatness was added to me. Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, for all his works are right and his ways are just; and those who walk in pride he is able to humble.”
The following is but a sample of the biblical examples setting forth the truth of the sovereignty of God.
- God is sovereign over the entire universe: (Psalm 103:19; Romans 8:28; Ephesians 1:11).
- God is sovereign over all of nature: (Psalm 135:6-7; Matthew 5:45; 6:25-30; 8:23-27).
- God is sovereign over angels & Satan: (Psalm 103:20-21; Job 1:12).
- God is sovereign over nations: (Psalm 47:7-9; Daniel 2:20-21; 4:34-35).
- God is sovereign over human beings: (1 Samuel 2:1-7; Galatians 1:15-16).
- God is sovereign over animals: (Psalm 104:21-30; 1 Kings 17:4-6).
- God is sovereign over “accidents”: (Proverbs 16:33; Jonah 1:7; Matthew 10:29).
- God is sovereign over free acts of men: (Exodus 3:21; 12:25-36; Ezra 7:27).
- God is sovereign over sinful acts of men and Satan: (2 Samuel 24:1; 1 Chronicles 21:1; Genesis 45:5; 50:20).
Pastor Charles Spurgeon said, “There is no attribute more comforting to His children than that of God’s sovereignty. Under the most adverse of circumstances, in the most severe trials, they believe that sovereignty has ordained their afflictions that sovereignty overrules them, and that sovereignty will sanctify them all. There is nothing for which the children ought more earnestly to contend than the doctrine of their Master over all creation – the kingship of God over all the works of His own hands – the throne of God and His right to sit upon that throne.”
Pastor Spurgeon goes on to say, “On the other hand, there is no doctrine more hated by worldlings (the world), no truth of which they made such a football, as the great, stupendous, but yet most certain doctrine of the sovereignty of the infinite Jehovah. Men will allow God to be everywhere except on His throne. When God ascends His throne, His creatures then gnash their teeth.”
What, if any, questions do you have regarding the sovereignty of God? Send them to me. I also encourage you to read Isaiah 46. I also encourage you to check out monergism.com for free articles and e-books pertaining to the sovereignty of God.
Soli deo Gloria!