The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Eight.

When we began our study of the Gospel of John, I indicated the key themes contained in this fourth gospel. There are quite a few. More than you might initially think. One of the most important themes in John’s Gospel concerned the identity of Jesus Christ.

Today, I share with you from the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF). As you may recall from our study of The Puritans, the WCF was/is a Reformed confession of faith. Drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly as part of the Westminster Standards to be a confession of the Church of England, it became and remains the “subordinate standard” of doctrine in the Church of Scotland and has been influential within Presbyterian churches worldwide. The phrase “subordinate standard” indicates that the WCF is ultimately subordinate to the Scriptures.

Chapter Eight of the Confession contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section VII is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

Christ, in the work of mediation, acts according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself; [37] yet, by reason of the unity of the person that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in Scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.[38]

Biblical Foundation:

[37] HEBREWS 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? 1PETER 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.

[38] ACTS 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. JOHN 3:13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. 1 JOHN 3:16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

This is who Jesus is.

Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Seven.

When we began our study of the Gospel of John, I indicated the key themes contained in this fourth gospel. There are quite a few. More than you might initially think. One of the most important themes in John’s Gospel concerned the identity of Jesus Christ. I re-shared yesterday one of the first blogs from this series regarding that subject of who Jesus is.

Today, I share with you from the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF). As you may recall from our study of The Puritans, the WCF was/is a Reformed confession of faith. Drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly as part of the Westminster Standards to be a confession of the Church of England, it became and remains the “subordinate standard” of doctrine in the Church of Scotland and has been influential within Presbyterian churches worldwide. The phrase “subordinate standard” indicates that the WCF is ultimately subordinate to the Scriptures.

Chapter Eight of the Confession contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section VI is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated unto the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein He was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent’s head; and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world; being yesterday and today the same, and forever.[36]

Biblical Foundation:

[36] GALATIANS 4:4-5 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. GENESIS 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. REVELATION 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. HEBREWS 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and forever.

This is who Jesus is.

Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Six.

When we began our study of the Gospel of John, I indicated the key themes contained in this fourth gospel. There are quite a few. More than you might initially think. One of the most important themes in John’s Gospel concerned the identity of Jesus Christ. I re-shared yesterday one of the first blogs from this series regarding that subject of who Jesus is.

Today, I share with you from the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF). As you may recall from our study of The Puritans, the WCF was/is a Reformed confession of faith. Drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly as part of the Westminster Standards to be a confession of the Church of England, it became and remains the “subordinate standard” of doctrine in the Church of Scotland and has been influential within Presbyterian churches worldwide. The phrase “subordinate standard” indicates that the WCF is ultimately subordinate to the Scriptures.

Chapter Eight of the Confession contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section V is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience, and sacrifice of Himself, which He through the eternal Spirit, once offered up unto God, has fully satisfied the justice of His Father;[34] and purchased, not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for those whom the Father has given unto Him.[35]

Biblical Foundation:

[34] ROMANS 5:19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. HEBREWS 9:14 & 16  How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? 16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. HEBREWS 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected forever them that are sanctified. EPHESIANS 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savor. ROMANS 3:25-26 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.

[35] DANIEL 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. COLOSSIANS 1:19-20 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell; 20 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. EPHESIANS 1:11 & 14 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. 14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. JOHN 17:2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. HEBREWS 9:12 & 15 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. 15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the New Testament that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

 

This is who Jesus is. Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Five.

Chapter Eight of the Westminster Confession of Faith contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section IV is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake;[22] by which that He might discharge, He was made under the law,[23] and did perfectly fulfil it;[24]endured most grievous torments immediately in His soul,[25] and most painful sufferings in His body;[26] was crucified, and died,[27] was buried, and remained under the power of death, yet saw no corruption.[28] On the third day He arose from the dead,[29] with the same body in which He suffered,[30] with which also he ascended into heaven, and there sits at the right hand of His Father,[31] making intercession,[32] and shall return, to judge men and angels, at the end of the world.[33]

Biblical Foundation:

[22] PSALM 40:7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, 8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart. HEBREWS 10:5-10 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: 6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. 7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. 8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; 9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. 10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. JOHN 10:18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father. PHILIPPIANS 2:8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

[23] GALATIANS 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.

[24] MATTHEW 3:15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he suffered him. MATTHEW 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.

[25] MATTHEW 26:37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. 38 Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. LUKE 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. MATTHEW 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

[26] SEE MATTHEW 26-27

[27] PHIIPPIANS 2:8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

[28] ACTS 2:23-27 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: 24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should beholden of it. 27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. ACTS 13:37 But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption. ROMANS 6:9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.

[29] 1 CORINTHIANS 15:3-5 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve.

[30] JOHN 20:25-27 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. 27 Then saith he to Thomas, reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.

[31] MARK 16:19 So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.

[32] ROMANS 8:34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. HEBREWS 9:24-25 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us. 25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

[33] ROMANS 14:9-10 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living. 10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? Or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. ACTS 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. ACTS 10:42 And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. MATTHEW 13:40-42 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. 41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; 42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. JUDE 6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. 2 PETER 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.

This is who Jesus is.

Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Four.

Chapter Eight of the Westminster Confession of Faith contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section III is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

The Lord Jesus, in His human nature thus united to the divine, was sanctified, and anointed with the Holy Spirit, above measure,[15] having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge;[16] in whom it pleased the Father that all fullness should dwell;[17] to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth,[18] He might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of a Mediator and Surety.[19] Which office He took not unto Himself, but was thereunto called by His Father, [20] who put all power and judgment into His hand, and gave Him commandment to execute the same.[21]

Biblical Foundation.

[15] PSALM 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. JOHN 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.

[16] COLOSSIANS 2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

[17] COLOSSIANS 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell.

[18] HEBREWS 7:26 For such a high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens. JOHN 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

[19] ACTS 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. HEB 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. HEBREWS 7:22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

[20] HEBREWS 5:4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron. 5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made a high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, today have I begotten thee.

[21] JOHN 5:22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son. 27 And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. MATTHEW 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. ACTS 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

This is who Jesus is. Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Three.

Chapter Eight of the Westminster Confession of Faith contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section II is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

The Son of God, the second person of the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fullness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature,[10] with all the essential properties, and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin;[11] being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance.[12] So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion.[13] Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man.[14].

Biblical Foundation.

[10] JOHN 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. 1 JOHN 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life. PHILIPPIANS 2:6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God. GALATIANS 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.

[11] HEBREWS 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil. 16 For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. 17 Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. HEBREWS 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

[12] LUKE 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. 35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. GALATIANS 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.

[13] LUKE 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. COLOSSIANS 2:9 For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily. ROMANS 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen. 1 PETER 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. 1 TIMOTHY 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.

[14] ROMANS 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh. ROMANS 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. 1 TIMOTHY 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

This is who Jesus is.

Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Part Two.

When we began our study of the Gospel of John, I indicated the key themes contained in this fourth gospel. There are quite a few. More than you might initially think. One of the most important themes in John’s Gospel concerned the identity of Jesus Christ. I re-shared yesterday one of the first blogs from this series regarding that subject of who Jesus is.

Today, I share with you from the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF). As you may recall from our study of The Puritans, the WCF was/is a Reformed confession of faith. Drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly as part of the Westminster Standards to be a confession of the Church of England, it became and remains the “subordinate standard” of doctrine in the Church of Scotland and has been influential within Presbyterian churches worldwide. The phrase “subordinate standard” indicates that the WCF is ultimately subordinate to the Scriptures.

Chapter Eight of the Confession contains a valuable summary of the person and work of Jesus Christ. If you want to know who Jesus is, familiarize yourself with what the Puritans compiled in the Westminster Confession of Faith.

I will reproduce the content from the Confession, followed by its biblical foundation. There are eight sections concerning Jesus Christ. We will share a section each day for eight days. Enjoy!

Section I is as follows. It will be identified as (1) Confessional Statement followed by its (2) Biblical Foundation.

Confessional Statement:

It pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, His only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man,[1] the Prophet,[2]Priest,[3] and King,[4] the Head and Savior of His Church,[5] the Heir of all things,[6] and Judge of the world:[7] unto whom He did from all eternity give a people, to be His seed,[8] and to be by Him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.[9].

Biblical Foundation.

[1] ISAIAH 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. 1 PETER 1:19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. JOHN 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 1TIMOTHY 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

[2] ACT 3:22 For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.

[3] HEBREWS 5:5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made a high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, today have I begotten thee. 6 As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

[4] PSALM 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. LUKE 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

[5] EPHESIANS 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body.

[6] HEBREWS 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds.

[7] ACT 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.

[8] JOHN 17:6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. PSALM 22:30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. ISAIAH 53:10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.

[9] 1TIMOTHY 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. ISAIAH 55:4 Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people. 5 Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee because of the Lord thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee. 1CORINTHIANS 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.

This is who Jesus is!

Soli deo Gloria!

 

The Gospel of John: Who is Jesus, Revisited.

When we began our study of the Gospel of John, I indicated the key themes contained in this fourth gospel. There are quite a few. More than you might initially think.

What I want you to pay particular attention to today regards John’s identification as to the identity of Jesus Christ. A proper understanding of who Jesus is stems not by asking the question “Who is Jesus to you?” but rather discovering what the Bible, and the Gospel of John in particular, says regarding who Jesus Christ actually is.

Key statements regarding the identity of Jesus Christ in the Gospel of John include the following:

1. Jesus is God. 1:1–2, 18; 5:17–18; 8:58–59; 10:30–33; 20:28.
2. Jesus existed before the creation of the world. 1:1–2; 8:58; 17:5, 24.
3. Jesus has supernatural knowledge. 1:48; 2:4, 19, 23–25; 3:14; 4:17–18; 6:51, 70; 8:28; 9:3; 10:15, 17–18; 11:4, 14; 12:24, 32; 13:10–11, 38; 21:18–19.
4. Jesus is the Messiah and the Son of God. 1:36, 41, 49; 3:18; 4:25, 29; 5:25; 7:26, 27, 31, 41, 42; 9:22; 10:24, 36; 11:4, 27; 12:34; 19:7; 20:30–31.
5. Jesus is the “I am.” 4:26; 6:20, 35, 48, 51; 8:12, 18, 24, 28, 58; 9:5; 10:7, 9, 11, 14; 11:25; 13:19; 14:6; 15:1; 18:5–6 (cf. Ex. 3:14–15Isa. 41:4; 43:10–13, 25; 45:18; 51:12; 52:6).
6. Jesus, the sent Son, reflects the sender. 3:17, 35–36; 5:19–26; 6:40; 8:35–36; 14:13; 17:1.
7. Jesus is the fulfillment of Jewish festivals and institutions (including the temple). 1:29, 36; 2:14–22, 4:23–24; 8:12; 9:5; 19:14.
8. Jesus is the giver of eternal life. 1:4; 3:15–16, 36; 4:14, 36; 5:24, 26, 39–40; 6:27, 33, 35, 40, 47–48, 51, 53–54, 68; 8:12; 10:10, 25, 28; 11:25; 12:25, 50; 14:6; 17:2–3; 20:31.
9. The signs of Jesus show that He is the Messiah (cf. also Jesus as the Messiah and Son of God, above). 2:1–11, 13–22; 4:46–54; 5:1–15; 6:1–15; 9:1–41; 11:1–44.
10. The witnesses to Jesus testify that He is the Messiah. 1:7–8, 15, 19, 32, 34; 3:11, 32–33; 4:39; 5:31–39; 8:14, 18; 10:25; 15:26–27; 18:37; 19:35; 21:24.
11. Father, Son, and Spirit are united in their work of revelation and redemption. 14:17–18, 23, 26; 15:26; 20:21–22.
12. Jesus’ death is the basis of salvation. 1:29; 3:14–15; 6:51–58; 10:15; 11:50–52; 12:24; 15:13.
13. God is sovereign in salvation. 3:21; 5:21; 6:37–45, 64–65; 10:16, 26–30; 15:16; 17:2, 6, 9.
14. Salvation is obtained through believing in Jesus as the Messiah and the Son of God. 1:12; 3:15, 16; 5:24; 6:29, 35; 8:24; 11:25–27, 42; 12:44; 17:8, 21; 20:31.
15. Believers can experience the benefits of salvation already in the here and now, during this present evil age. 3:18, 36; 4:23; 5:24; 6:39–40; 10:10, 26–29; 11:25–26.
16. Believers are called to continue Jesus’ mission (cf. also Jesus as the sent Son; See above). 4:38; 15:16; 17:18; 20:21–22.

There you have the answer to the question, at least from John’s Gospel, as to Jesus’ identity. Memorize them, as best you can, in order to be prepared the next time someone asks on Social Media, or anywhere else for that matter, who Jesus is.

Soli deo Gloria!

The Gospel of John: To Know!

“But we know where this man comes from, and when the Christ appears, no one will know where he comes from.” So Jesus proclaimed, as he taught in the temple, “You know me, and you know where I come from. But I have not come of my own accord. He who sent me is true, and him you do not know. I know him, for I come from him, and he sent me.” (John 7:27-29)

What does it mean to “know?” Within today’s text, the Apostle John uses two Greek words for our one English word “know.”  The two Greek words respectively are “οἶδα (oida) and γινώσκω (ginosko). On a personal note, the Greek word γινώσκω; ginosko is the first Greek word, and definition, I learned as a Bible college student in 1977.

Both Greek words mean to possess information, to understand, to remember and to acknowledge. There seems to be no discernible difference between the two words. John uses them interchangeably, much as we might use the words “I Know” or “I understand” or even the slang expression “I get it.”

However, the significant irony within the text is not so much the number of words used to mean “to know” but the absence of knowledge and understanding by the people speaking and using the words for knowledge and understanding.

The people speaking are people from Jerusalem who are celebrating the Feast of the Tabernacles (John 7:2, 25). Immediately following their statement that Jesus could be the Christ (John 7:25-26), they deny that this could be possible because they know where Jesus comes from, presumably Nazareth. Their reasoning is that the presumption was that nobody would know from where the Messiah would come.

Dr. R. C. Sproul comments, “But they could not believe He was the Messiah because they knew where He came from, from Mary and Joseph in Galilee (v. 27; see 6:42). It was a popular belief among the Jews at the time that the Messiah would grow up in obscurity and would appear suddenly, with no one having known Him before. Since they knew Jesus’ background, they thought He could not be the Messiah. Truthfully, however, the crowd of people did not know where Jesus was from. Jesus could say that they knew, but He meant that they knew of His origins only in a limited sense. They did not know the whole story, namely, that Jesus came from God, for they did not know God. And this accusation incensed them even more (7:28–31).”

Jesus acknowledges this lack of ultimate understanding on the people’s part when He responds, ““You know me, and you know where I come from. But I have not come of my own accord. He who sent me is true, and him you do not know. I know him, for I come from him, and he sent me.” The people may have thought Jesus ultimately came from Galilee but Jesus indicated that His true origination was heaven and from the Father; of whom they did not know.

Dr. John MacArthur explains, “These words stand in antithesis to John 8:19 where Jesus told his enemies that they neither knew him nor the Father, thus indicating a deep irony and sarcasm on Jesus’ part here. Jesus’ point is that contrary to what they thought, they really had no true understanding of who he was. They knew him in the earthly sense, but not in the spiritual sense, because they didn’t know God either. Although they thought that they were acutely perceptive and spiritually oriented, their rejection of Jesus revealed their spiritual bankruptcy (Rom. 2:17–19).”

Recently on Social Media, I read a statement by someone asking people, “Who is Jesus to you?” The question troubled me because it seems to indicate that the identity of Jesus is ultimately up to us. It’s as if we can originate our own existential meaning of who Jesus really is. You have your Jesus and I have mine. No harm, no foul. Everybody wins! We all have our own truth claims with no ultimate and universal truth claim.

On the contrary, the ultimate identity of Jesus Christ is solely contained in the Word of God. Our foundational reference point to truth in general, and truth related to the identity of Jesus Christ in particular, is to be found solely in the Scriptures. His identity is revealed not only by Jesus Himself (John 6; 8; 9; 10; 11; 14; 15), but also by the writers of Scripture. For example, see John 1:1-14. Any identification as to who Jesus is, void of a biblical source, is dangerous ground upon which to stand.

The better, or more accurate, question is “who is Jesus?”

Soli deo Gloria!

 

 

 

 

 

The Gospel of John: Truly, this is the Christ.

“Some of the people of Jerusalem therefore said, “Is not this the man whom they seek to kill? And here he is, speaking openly, and they say nothing to him! Can it be that the authorities really know that this is the Christ?” (John 7:25-26)

Why did the Jewish religious leaders hate Jesus so much that they were ready and willing to kill Him (John 5:18; 7:1)? As we have already seen in this chapter, even Jesus’ brothers did not believe in Him (Jon 7:5).

One commentator writes, “All four Gospels agree that Jesus’ practice of healing people on the Sabbath was the object of the religious leaders’ condemnation. Whether we are talking about the healing of the man with the withered hand or the healing of the paralyzed man at Bethesda, the Jewish leaders saw His Sabbath healings and His teaching about their lawfulness as a claim of His equality with God (Matt. 12:9–13; Mark 3:1–6; Luke 6:6–11; John 5:1–18).

We also know that the religious leaders of Jesus’ day, and for that matter today, hated and despised Him because their works were, and are, evil (John 6:7). Even though an individual’s evil intentions is often covered up by politically correct speech, flowery phrases and covert behavior, God knows the heart. Jesus Himself said in Mark 7:14-23 that evil things come from within man and defile him.

Theologian J.C. Ryle explains, “That great Scriptural doctrine, man’s need of preventing and converting grace, stands out here, as if written with a sunbeam. It becomes all who question that doctrine to look at this passage and consider. Let them observe that seeing Christ’s miracles, hearing Christ’s teaching, living in Christ’s own company, were not enough to make men believers. The mere possession of spiritual privileges never yet made any one a Christian. All is useless without the effectual and applying work of God the Holy Spirit. No wonder that our Lord said in another place, “No man can come to me, except the Father who has sent me draw him.” (John 6:44.)

Dr. John MacArthur states, “The question indicates the crowds and the rulers were in great confusion and uncertainty as to who Jesus was and what to do about him. They did not really have any firm convictions regarding Jesus’ identity, for their question reveals their doubt and unbelief. They were also perplexed at the religious leaders’ failure to arrest and silence him if he really were a fraud. Such dense confusion caused the crowd to wonder if the religious authorities in private concluded that he was indeed the Christ. Mass confusion among all groups reigned regarding Jesus.

When men encounter truth, they may hate it and seek to destroy it, but they often shrink from it when directly confronted with it. Be prepared for the world’s hatred of the truth of Jesus Christ and that this hatred will be directed towards anyone who holds to the truth.

However, remember the promise Jesus gave in Matthew 5:11-12: “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.”

Soli deo Gloria!