The Philosophical Evidences for God’s Existence: The Teleological Argument.  

The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork. Day to day pours out speech, and night to night reveals knowledge. (Psalm 19:1–2 (ESV)

Not only is there evidence for God’s existence from biblical revelation but there are also the philosophical arguments supporting the concept of God’s existence. Admittedly, these arguments may not convince those antagonistic to the Christian faith of its validity. However, they do provide a thought provoking response to those who contend that Christianity does not contain any assemblage of reasoning or logical thought. 

What then are the philosophical arguments for God’s existence? They include the ontological argument, the cosmological argument, the teleological argument, the moral argument, the anthropological argument, the religious experience argument and the argument from the existence of miracles: most notably Jesus Christ’s resurrection from the dead.

The Teleological Argument is the argument from the order in the universe to the existence of a being that created the universe with a specific purpose in mind. The universe is a highly complex system. The universe evidences design. This implies a designer. The scale of the universe alone is astounding, and the natural laws that govern it perplex scientists still after generations and centuries of study. It is a highly ordered system. It serves a purpose. It possesses design. This is in alignment with Scripture.

You make springs gush forth in the valleys; they flow between the hills; they give drink to every beast of the field; the wild donkeys quench their thirst. Beside them the birds of the heavens dwell; they sing among the branches. From your lofty abode you water the mountains; the earth is satisfied with the fruit of your work. You cause the grass to grow for the livestock and plants for man to cultivate, that he may bring forth food from the earth and wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make his face shine and bread to strengthen man’s heart. The trees of the LORD are watered abundantly, the cedars of Lebanon that he planted. In them the birds build their nests; the stork has her home in the fir trees. The high mountains are for the wild goats; the rocks are a refuge for the rock badgers. He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting. You make darkness, and it is night, when all the beasts of the forest creep about. The young lions roar for their prey, seeking their food from God. When the sun rises, they steal away and lie down in their dens. And goes out to his work and to his labor until the evening. O LORD, how manifold are your works! In wisdom have you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures. (Psalm 104:10-24, ESV)

God provides exactly the right conditions for the development and sustenance of life and life is a valuable thing. That this is so is remarkable. There are numerous ways in which the universe might have been different, but the vast majority of possible universes would not have supported life.

To say that the universe is so ordered by chance is therefore unsatisfactory as an explanation of the appearance of design around us. It is far more plausible, and far more probable, that the universe is the way it is because it was created by a designer with life in mind. The Bible contends that this designer, who created this world evidencing design, is God. The psalmist articulates this argument in Psalm 19:1-5.  This is also set forth in Job 38-41.

I recently took my watch to a jeweler to have the battery replaced. The jeweler used precision tools to remove the dead battery and replace it with a new one. My now functioning watch, and the all other items I observed within the jewelry store, evidence design. It stands to reason that there exists a designer for every watch, necklace and ring I saw that day. The brand names of those designers were conspicuously displayed . It stands to reason that a far more complicated universe which evidences design presupposes an intelligent designer. That designer is God.

Take the opportunity today to examine an object you possess. It may your vehicle, your watch, your home and even the furniture and appliances in your home. They all possess design. Someone designed and built them. So it is with the universe God designed and created. Give Him praise for His marvelous work.

Soli deo Gloria!


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