10Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.” (Isaiah 53:10-12)
Isaiah 53:10-12 is the fifth and final section in the prophet’s substantial Servant Song of Yahweh concerning the LORD’s substitutionary atonement on behalf of sinners. As was the case with the previous four sections, this final section contains three verses. Each of the verses will be individually examined.
“Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand” (Isaiah 53:10).
The will of God the Father is predominately, and explicitly, stated in Isaiah 53:10. The prophet wants us to understand that the substitutionary atonement provided by the Servant of Yahweh was no accident. The virgin birth, sinless life, substitutionary death, and bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ were all within the sovereign plan of God the Father (Ephesians 1:3-11).
“Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him.” In light of all the suffering the Servant would endure (Isaiah 52:13-53:9), Isaiah made it clear that it was all within the plan of God. It was the will of God the Father to crush His Servant. The word will means to take pleasure or delight. The pleasure and delight of the Father was to crush the Son. To crush means to beat, bruise, humble and oppress. This is what historically and sovereignly occurred to Jesus Christ.
Matthew Henry writes, “It pleased the Lord to do this. He determined to do it; it was the result of an eternal counsel; and he delighted in it, as it was an effectual method for the salvation of man and the securing and advancing of the honour of God.”
“He has put him to grief.” There is an interplay between the two personal pronouns He and him. The pronoun He refers to God the Father. The pronoun him refers to the Servant, God the Son. Isaiah indicated that God the Father put God the Servant to grief. The word grief refers to affliction, pain and to suffer wounds.
“When his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring.” The phrase offering for guilt is the Hebrew word asam. It refers to an anointing sacrifice or a sacrifice offered to atone for sin (Leviticus 5:15; 6:5; 19:21). The sense here is that the Servant is the One who personally offered Himself as the guilt-offering. It is in this act that the Father sees, or examines, and makes His corresponding judgment.
“He shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.” The phrase He shall prolong his days indicates that the Servant must rise from the dead. He will do this and live to reign forever (2 Samuel 7:13-16; Psalm 21:1-4; 89:1-4; 132:12). God the Father raised the Servant from the dead in order to show His acceptance of the Servant’s sacrifice (Acts 2:22-28). Consequently, the will of Yahweh will succeed because of the successful and completed work of the Servant of Yahweh. .
Dr. R. C. Sproul comments that, “Only through the LORD’s will to crush the Servant can the LORD’s will prosper in His hand and give Him many spiritual offspring as the fruit of this prosperity.”
Soli deo Gloria!