2 “The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has light shone. 3 You have multiplied the nation; you have increased its joy; they rejoice before you as with joy at the harvest, as they are glad when they divide the spoil. 4 For the yoke of his burden, and the staff for his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, you have broken as on the day of Midian. 5 For every boot of the tramping warrior in battle tumult and every garment rolled in blood will be burned as fuel for the fire. 6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” (Isaiah 9:2-7)
Dr. R. C. Sproul states that, “Isaiah 9:6–7 describes this coming king. He would possess unparalleled wisdom, being the “Wonderful Counselor” who would not need advisers or counselors to help guide him. His reign would also be so marked by peace that he would be the “Prince of Peace.” Other kings are known for war, and while this coming king would be a mighty warrior, his rule would establish and maintain permanent peace between God and the king’s loyal subjects. And this king would be more than a mere man. He would be “Mighty God, Everlasting Father”—that is, the Creator Himself incarnate.”
The Messianic prophecy of the incarnate Son of God continues in Isaiah 9:7. Regarding this One who is identified as Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, and Prince of Peace, Isaiah goes on to say that, “Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.”
The characteristics of the Messiah’s rule and reign are highlighted in Isaiah 9:7. Let’s look at each one in detail.
“Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end.” The word increase means greatness and abundance. The greatness and abundance of the Son’s rule and dominion (government) and of complete safety (peace) will be eternal.
“On the throne of David and over his kingdom.” The Son’s rule and dominion will be centralized on the throne of Israel. This is personified as the throne and kingdom of David ((1 Kings 8:25; Psalm 2:6; 132:11; Jeremiah 3:17, 18; Ezekiel 34:23–26; Luke 1:32, 33; Acts 2:30). The virgin’s Son will be the rightful heir to David’s throne and will inherit the promises of the Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7:12–16; cf. Psalm 89:1–37; Matthew 1:1).
“To establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore.” The purpose and character of the Son’s rule and dominion will be to form and sustain His eternal kingdom with righteous judgment.
“The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” The passion and strong desire of Yahweh, who commands a vast host of angels, will accomplish this feat.
Dr. John Walvoord explains, “The Messiah, seated on David’s throne (Luke 1:32–33), will have an eternal rule of peace and justice. His rule will have no end; it will go on forever (cf. Dan. 7:14, 27; Micah 4:7; Luke 1:33; Rev. 11:15). Following the kingdom on earth, He will rule for eternity. He will maintain righteousness (cf. Jer. 23:5), as His rule will conform to God’s holy character and demands.”
One author writes that, “In this fallen world, people long for peace between family members, between coworkers, and between neighbors. Lasting peace is possible, however, only through submission to the Prince of Peace, Christ Jesus. When we bow to Him in faith, we are put at peace with our Creator, and we are called to announce His reign so that others may know His peace. Let us seek to tell others about the Prince of Peace this day.”
Soli deo Gloria!