2 Peter: Peter’s Salutation.

May grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.” (2 Peter 1:2)

Peter greeted the recipients of his letter with a standard first century greeting by a Christian to other Christians. It is similar in many ways to the salutations written by the Apostle Paul.

Grace (χάρις; charis) is one of the most familiar words in the New Testament. It occurs well over 100 times in the combined writings of Paul, Peter, James, John, Jude and the writer of Hebrews. It means unmerited favor, kindness and good will.

Peace (εἰρήνη; eirene) means freedom from anxiety and inner turmoil. Notice that whenever this standard greeting is given in the New Testament, grace always precedes peace. The reason is clear: you cannot have peace unless God has bestowed upon you His grace.

The word multiplied (πληθύνω; plethyno) means to grow and to increase greatly. Peter wanted the grace and peace of God to not be stagnant among these believers in Christ but rather to grow in abundance. The source of this abundant growth, of not only grace but also peace, would be God.

The reason for this growth of grace and peace would be the believers’ knowledge of God and of Jesus Christ our Lord. The word knowledge (ἐπίγνωσις; epignosis) means to possess a comprehensive and competent knowledge of an object. The object in view is not only God the Father but also God the Son, Jesus Christ.

Peter’s use of the designation Jesus our Lord refers to Jesus’ deity. Peter is affirming the divinity of Jesus Christ.

Dr. John MacArthur writes that, “This is a strengthened form of “knowledge” implying a larger, more thorough, and intimate knowledge. The Christian’s precious faith is built on knowing the truth about God (cf. v. 3). Christianity is not a mystical religion, but is based in objective, historical, revealed, rational truth from God and intended to be understood and believed. The deeper and wider that knowledge of the Lord, the more “grace and peace” are multiplied.”

Do you know God in a personal and relational way? Do you know Him not only intellectually, but also emotionally and volitionally? Such knowledge is only available bgrace alone, through faith alone in the person and work of Jesus Christ alone.

May the Lord’s truth and grace be found here.

Soli deo Gloria!



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