“Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.” (Isaiah 53:10-12)
“Because sin touches even our best acts, we are incapable of making a sufficient sacrifice. Even our sacrifices are tainted and would require a further sacrifice to cover that blemish, ad infinitum. We have no gift valuable enough, no work righteous enough to atone for our own sins. We are debtors who cannot pay their debts.” Dr. R. C. Sproul
We now arrive at the climax of the Fourth Servant Song of Yahweh (Isaiah 52:13-53:12). These final three verses in the fifth stanza, 53:10-12, provide a crescendo of praise for the person and work of Jesus Christ in providing atonement for sinners.
Today, we examine Isaiah 53:10. “Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.”
“Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush Him.” The phrase “it was the will” means to take delight in, to take pleasure in and to desire. This act and behavior belonged to Yahweh regarding His Servant: Jesus Christ.
The Prophet Isaiah then informs us as to what Yahweh took delight and pleasure with respect to His Servant: it was “to crush Him.” The Hebrew word dak’keo means to beat, oppress and to bruise. This is what the Father’s will was for His Son, the Servant of Yahweh: Jesus Christ.
John Calvin writes, “In Christ there is no fault; why, then, was the LORD pleased that He should suffer? Because He stood in our room, and in no other way then by His death could the justice of God be satisfied.”
Galatians 3:13 says, “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—
2 Corinthians 5:21 says, “For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”
“He has put Him to grief.” The pronoun “He” refers to God the Father. The pronoun “Him” refers to the Son of God, the Son of Man, and the Servant of Yahweh: Jesus Christ. The Father has afflicted and physically wounded the Son for the sake of the sheep. This act of love and justice was for sinners like you and me.
Romans 5:8-10 says, “but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life.”
“When his soul makes an offering for guilt.” God the Father determined that the Son would be an atoning sacrifice. Dr. John Walvoord writes, “The statement, the Lord made the Servant’s life a guilt offering, does not mean that Jesus’ life satisfied the wrath of God but that His life which culminated in His death was the sacrifice for sins. As indicated in Isaiah 53:7–8 He had to die to satisfy the righteous demands of God. The word for “guilt offering” is ’āšām, used in Leviticus 5:15; 6:5; 19:21 and elsewhere of an offering to atone for sin.”
What follows in the text are three prophetic statements of promise by the God the Father due to the atonement by His Servant, Jesus Christ. “He shall see His offspring; He shall prolong His days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in His hand.”
“He shall see His offspring” God the Father will see the offspring of God the Son: those who are believers in Jesus Christ. This is because the Son will rise from the dead. Jesus will have a people for Himself.
“He shall prolong His day.” As the risen Son of God, the Servant of Yahweh will live eternally thereby guaranteeing that His seed or descendants by grace alone, through faith alone in Christ alone will also live eternally.
“The will of the LORD shall prosper in His hand.” Those who belong and are the Servant’s possession will succeed or become many. The death, burial and resurrection of the Jesus Christ will not be useless or unprofitable but will yield an abundant fruit and a harvest of souls. It will be effective.
Meditate today upon the lyrics to the hymn Before the Throne of God Above.
Before the throne of God above
I have a strong and perfect plea:
A great High Priest, whose name is Love,
Who ever lives and pleads for me.
My name is graven on His hands,
My name is written on His heart;
I know that while in heaven He stands
No tongue can bid me thence depart
No tongue can bid me thence depart.
When Satan tempts me to despair,
And tells me of the guilt within,
Upward I look, and see Him there
Who made an end to all my sin.
Because the sinless Savior died,
My sinful soul is counted free;
For God the just is satisfied
To look on Him and pardon me
To look on Him and pardon me.
Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Praise the One,
Risen Son of God!
Behold Him there, the Risen Lamb
My perfect, spotless righteousness,
The great unchangeable I am,
The King of glory and of grace!
One with Himself I cannot die
My soul is purchased by His blood
My life is hid with Christ on high,
With Christ, my Savior and my God
With Christ, my Savior and my God.
May God’s truth and grace reside here.
Soli deo Gloria!